EclipseWise - Eclipses During
Two weeks after the new Moon involved in a July 13th's partial solar eclipse, the full Moon takes a deep dive through Earth's umbra for the second time this year. Mid-eclipse on July 27th comes at But it will be a grand show across Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia. The partial phases run from First, the Moon passes directly through the heart of Earth's umbral shadow, just 6 arcminutes from its center.
Second, the Moon is very nearly its most distant from Earth, near the apogee of its orbit, resulting in a slightly diminished orbital velocity. Two weeks later, with the Moon having moved halfway around its orbit and once again new, another partial solar eclipse takes place — the third and final one in This time the geometry shifts from extreme southern latitudes to extreme northern ones.
Greatest eclipse, at 9: Much of Scandinavia, Russia, and eastern Asia enjoy a partial eclipse that day. The mix of events gets more interesting next year, with three different flavors of solar eclipse — one each of partial, annular, and total — and partial and total lunar eclipses.
The Moon's deep umbral dive on January 21, , will offer ringside seats for skywatchers in North and South America. Great article Kelly, BUT…. None of these events are actually visible from NZ.
Hey… I know you really tried so hard. I agree with G-W, very good article, as always. Unfortunately I will not be able to see any of these events from here in North Carolina except possibly the very begining of the Jan. I also missed the August total eclipse because it was cloudy; only saw a little of partial before and after. Keep up the good work.
Had another read moments ago, and your full restored article does indeed show two lunar eclipses visible from NZ. The total Lunar Eclipse on Jan 31st certainly looks a beaut.
Thanks once again, Kelly, for a great article!
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July 13, Partial. January 6, Partial. July 2, Total. December 26, Annular. June 21, Annular.
Solar and Lunar Eclipses in 2018
December 14, Total. World maps show the regions of visibility for each eclipse. The lunar eclipse diagrams also include the path of the Moon through Earth's shadow. Contact times for each principal phase are tabulated along with the magnitudes and geocentric coordinates of the Sun and Moon at greatest eclipse. Unless otherwise stated, all times and dates used in this publication are in Universal Time or UT1.
Partial Solar Eclipse of January At greatest eclipse  Local circumstances and eclipse times for a number of cities in Asia appear in Table 1. All times are given in Local Time. This event is the 58th eclipse of Saros The entire series of 70 eclipses spans the years through Only 3 members of this series were total in the years , , and Saros also has 2 hybrid, 37 annular, and 28 partial eclipses.
Complete details for the series can be found at: Click for detailed diagram Total Lunar Eclipse of January The apparent diameter of the Moon is larger than average since the eclipse occurs 0. This is the last of three consecutive total lunar eclipses in and , each one separated by six months previous total lunar eclipses occurred on Jan 31 and Jul In this particular case, the Moon passes deeply into the umbral shadow leading to a relatively long total eclipse lasting 1 hour 2 minutes.
The times of the major eclipse phases are listed as follows. At the instant of greatest eclipse  The umbral eclipse magnitude  peaks at 1. As a result, the southern half of the Moon will appear much darker than the northern half because the Moon samples a large range of umbral depths during the total phase.
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The exact brightness distribution in the umbra is difficult to predict, so observers are encouraged to estimate the Danjon value at mid-totality see Danjon Scale of Lunar Eclipse Brightness. It may also be necessary to assign different Danjon values to different portions of the Moon e. Much of the eclipse will be seen in central and eastern Europe, but observers there will miss the later stages of the eclipse because they occur after moonset.
Likewise parts of the central Pacific experience moonrise after the eclipse begins.
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Table 2 lists predicted umbral immersion and emersion times for 25 well-defined lunar craters. The timing of craters is useful in determining the atmospheric enlargement of Earth's shadow see Crater Timings During Lunar Eclipses.
The January 21 eclipse is the 27th eclipse of Saros This series began on Apr 01 and is composed of 72 lunar eclipses in the following sequence: In this context, the January 21 eclipse is the 9th total eclipse in the series. The last total eclipse is on Jul 26 and the final eclipse of the series is on May Complete details for this Saros series can be found at: Click for detailed diagram Total Solar Eclipse of July The eagerly awaited total solar eclipse of July 02 is the first one since the Great American Total Eclipse of Such a close Moon during a total eclipse typically produces a long duration of totality - especially if the path passes near the Equator.
In the case of the July 02 event, the maximum duration is just over 4.
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The total eclipse is visible from within a narrow corridor that traverses the Pacific Ocean and southern South America. A partial eclipse is seen within the much broader path of the Moon's penumbral shadow, which includes the Pacific Ocean and most of South America Figure 3. Oeno Island is a remote coral atoll and is part of the Pitcairn Islands.
Unfortunately, there is no other landfall along the entirety of the Pacific track of kilometers. Greatest eclipse occurs at The path of totality finally reaches the coast of Chile at The region enjoys especially dry and clear weather - so much so that a string of major international astronomical observatories have been built there, including Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Gemini South.
After crossing the Andes, the lunar shadow descends into Argentina for the last segment of its track. The shadow covers the kilometer-stretch across Argentina in only 3 minutes.
In Argentina, San Juan lies just inside the southern limit while Cordoba is 75 kilometers north of the track. Just before the path ends, it barely misses Buenos Aires, the northern edge only 30 kilometers south of the center of the capital.
Nevertheless, all roads leading from Buenos Aires to the central line will probably be clogged with traffic on eclipse day. Central line coordinates and circumstances are presented in Table 3.